Anderson, Gerald H. ed. Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions. W. B. Eerdmans, 1999.
Hong Kong Daily, The Directory & Chronicle of China, Corea, Japan, the Philippines, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Borneo, Siam, Malaya States, Etc. for 1892. Hong Kong: Daily Press, 1892.
1904 Directory of Protestant Missionaries in China, Japan, and Corea: http://divdl.library.yale.edu/dl/OneItem.aspx?qc=AdHoc&q=11995
1910 Directory of Protestant Missionaries in China, Japan, and Corea: http://divdl.library.yale.edu/dl/OneItem.aspx?qc=AdHoc&q=11996
Kim Seungtae and Park Hyejin. Naehan Sôngyosa Ch’ongnam [Comprehensive List of Missionaries to Korea]. Seoul: Institute for Korean Church History, 1994.
인명사전 (Biographical Dictionary) by Korea Computer Mission
Fok, Fatrick, “Yanghwajin Foreigner’s Cemetry,” 2002: their memorial inscriptions
Prominent Americans Interested in Japan and Promient Japanese in America. New York: Japan & America, 1903.
UMC General Commission on Archives and History. United Methodist Bishops Ordination Chains, 1784-2008.
Leonard, John William ed. Woman’s who’s who of America, 1914.
Oak Sung-Deuk. “Korean Names of the Protestant Missionaries in Korea, 1945-65.”